Consider Psalm 22. We say, for example, in Confirmation that there is an indelible character, a spiritual character, a seal, that is impressed upon one’s soul. The Muslim interpretation of the Holy Spirit is generally consistent with other interpretations based upon the Old and the New Testaments. It is the Holy Spirit who gives charisms. One last obstacle for some who deny the personhood of the Holy Spirit is found in Acts 2:14-18. Jesus wanted the Holy Spirit also to be sent to anyone else who believes in Him, in Jesus. These texts leave no doubt as to the personhood of the Holy Spirit. This brings us to the next chapter on the Church itself! Jesus was transfigured in light. A theophany is a manifestation of God, by the working of the Holy Spirit, pointing to the promise of God that will ultimately be fulfilled by the Holy Spirit. There are numerous references to the Holy Spirit in the Old and New Testaments. . And it is by the finger of God that the Holy Spirit continues to work in our day and age. —in the witness of saints through whom he manifests his holiness and continues the work of salvation. —In the sacramental liturgy, through its words and symbols, in which the Holy Spirit puts us into communion with Christ; The Sacramental Liturgy is the most powerful way that God is present to us right here, right now. The human author of each book of the Scriptures, as explained in Chapter 1, is a true author of the Holy Scriptures. Recommended Resource: The Holy Spirit by Charles Ryrie Speaking of the importance of context, the verse of Scripture used to “prove” the Holy Spirit to be an impersonal force actually demonstrates, when examined more fully, that the Holy Spirit is both personal and masculine. The Holy Spirit is the present-day advocate of Jesus Christ in our hearts. He also was God. For example, John 20:22 says that Jesus “breathed on them and said to them, ‘receive the Holy Spirit.’”  The breath of God or wind of God is seen many places in the Scriptures, as we will see in our next section. This is the time when the Holy Spirit is especially active in our world and in the Church. Notice the Holy Spirit is synonymous with God himself. So it goes with the Holy Spirit. —In the Tradition, to which the Church Fathers are always timely witnesses; —In the Church’s Magisterium, which he assists; Jesus established the Church and bestowed the Spirit upon the Apostles who were His first bishops with Peter being the first pope. The branch of Christian theology concerned with the Holy Spirit is called Pneumatology. But when the Counselor comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will bear witness to me; and you also are witnesses, because you have been with me from the beginning. Romans 11:33-34 tells us: “O the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! We do not see Him with our eyes, but He is there. At the Annunciation, Mary conceived her Savior, and the Savior of the whole world, “by the power of the Holy Spirit.”. Rather, this was a manifestation of the Spirit who was already with Jesus revealing this reality. Nevertheless I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I go away, for if I do not go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. We also profess that the human author wrote under the guidance and inspiration of the Holy Spirit! The Holy Spirit does in the whole Church what the soul does in the members of the one body." Much more will be said on this later on in Book Two of this series: But for now this brief introduction will suffice. Pentecost: Pentecost is the clearest manifestation of the Holy Spirit. But why they work is another question. It is by John’s hand that Jesus was baptized after which the Holy Spirit descended in manifest form. He is One, yet He is also Three. This was God’s way of slowly revealing the full truth of Who He is over time. This article gives a systematic explanation from the Catholic point of view.. Catholic theology of the Holy Spirit is very little different from general Protestant or Orthodox theology of the Holy Spirit, with a few notable exceptions, which I will attempt to list: Among the greatest of these actions is the Most Holy Eucharist. Yes, He acted in a very unique and powerful way when He inspired the human authors of the Scriptures in their writings. Jesus promised His Advocate, the Holy Spirit, to His disciples. But the fact that the human author was inspired and was used as such a powerful instrument should tell us not only much about this wonderful gift of the Bible, it should also tell us much about the fact that the Holy Spirit wants to use us humans for divine work. —In prayer, wherein he intercedes for us; We do not even know how to pray by ourselves. : Jesus is the “Anointed One.”  He is filled with the Holy Spirit and one with the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is God, the third Person of the Trinity. The proper question is not “what” but “Who.”  “Who is the Holy Spirit” is the right question because the Holy Spirit is a Person. The law, given through Moses, was also a manifestation of God’s order and direction. We can initiate “prayers.”  But there is a difference between “true prayer” and “prayers that are said.”  True prayer is when God, by an action of the Holy Spirit, speaks to us and draws us by an interior calling. What sustains life? Also, the prophets were anointed with oil to symbolize the outpouring of the Holy Spirit on them for their ministry. The gift of piety accords with reverence, inspiring a filial relationship with God so … 31:47 - Most of my family is Catholic and has received Confirmation, but they don’t seem like they’ve received the Holy Spirit. At that time, we are made adopted children of the Father, we are made one in Jesus the Son, and we are filled with the Holy Spirit to live out our new Christian calling as sons and daughters of God in Christ Jesus. There are many ways the Holy Spirit has been revealed to us throughout the ages. That the Holy Spirit burns like a fire out of control, yet it does not consume. It traces the history and development of the doctrine from Scripture forward. Galatians 4:6), by which we become, in Christ, sons and daughters of the Father. Anointing: The symbol of anointing with oil also signifies an outpouring of the Holy Spirit. The fact that this Greek word is feminine does not indicate hearts to be female and personal. You can say that it’s a joint action of the Church and the Holy Spirit, and this mutual activity brings forth the very real presence of Christ our Lord. At Mass, the priest’s prayers frequently mention the Father, the Son, and the Spirit as well.The reason for this is that Catholics believe that God is not merely Unity (as all monotheists believe), but also Trinity. This means that the Holy Spirit did not just appear after Jesus ascended into Heaven. All of these point to the promise of God’s future gift of salvation. Not in the same way that He once inspired the books of the Bible, but certainly in powerful ways nonetheless. This shows the Holy Spirit at work in Jesus’ ministry. As we look at the workings of the Holy Spirit, we see various ways that He has and continues to work in our lives and in the life of the Church. Both the personhood as well as the divinity of the Holy Spirit are rejected by these groups. The third person of the Blessed Trinity, the Holy Spirit, is sometimes referred to as “the forgotten” member of the Godhead. Thus we are really "sharers in the divine nature" (2 Peter 1:4). It was “tongues as of fire” that descended upon the Apostles at Pentecost. The claim goes that Father and the Son are clearly personal, masculine terms, and therefore, they are revealed as persons. The Holy Spirit is one in being with the Father and the Son as the third person of the Trinity. And I will pray the Father, and he will give you another Counselor, to be with you for ever, even the Spirit of truth, who the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him; you know him, for he dwells with you, and will be in you. White is a symbol of purity, and its wings give it swiftness and agility to descend from the Heavens. But. Why is this the case? Be it plants, animals or humans, no scientific discovery can unmask the actual principle of life itself. But for now this brief introduction will suffice. So let’s take a closer look at the activity of the Holy Spirit. kingdoms would fall as people failed to live by the law which was revealed by the Spirit. Verse 13 tells us that the Holy Spirit “will guide [us] into all truth.” We have a hint here of what we see even more plainly in texts like 1 Corinthians 2:11: Scripture indicates the Holy Spirit is omniscient, a quality that God alone possesses or can possess. In the soul, the Holy Spirit transforms it, making it basically capable of taking in, after death, the infinite streams of knowledge and love that flow within the Holy Trinity. As the disciples are gathered in the upper room, tongues as of fire descend upon them, and they are filled with the Holy Spirit. He was the greatest of the prophets who spoke with the anointing of the Spirit of God. 16 The term "Spirit" translates the Hebrew word ruah, which, in its primary sense, means breath, air, wind. We say, in philosophical language, that the Holy Spirit is “consubstantial” with the Father and the Son, and with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified. And this is important! As God, the Holy Spirit can truly function as the Comforter and Counselor that Jesus promised He would be (John 14:16, 26, 15:26). They receive various charisms and are given a new strength and boldness to proclaim the Gospel. Finger:  It was by the “finger” of God that Jesus did many great works. I know this answer is cliché and isn’t what you were hoping for, so don’t fret — there’s more. And we, on our part, respond. One God, three divine Persons. Dove: Perhaps this is the most common symbol of the Holy Spirit. It is poured at baptism, and the Holy Spirit is subsequently poured in that act. Thus, their inability to keep the law was a sign they needed more. This is seen in Baptism, Confirmation, Ordination and the Anointing of the Sick. The works of the Holy Spirit were revealed to us more fully after this time, helping us to understand Him as a divine Person. Jesus was transfigured in light. For the majority of Christian denominations, the Holy Spirit, or Holy Ghost, is the third person of the Trinity, the Triune God manifested as God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit, each entity itself being God. We see the Holy Spirit alive in various ways in the Church today. These O.T. We do not see Him with our eyes, but He is there. He will glorify me, for he will take what is mine and declare it to you. A formal doctrine of the Holy Spirit wasn't articulate until the early third century. “For what person knows a man’s thoughts except the spirit of the man which is in him? This bestowing of the Holy Spirit is seen in John 20:22. In the 4th century, a heretical group known as the Pneumat… The theology of the Holy Spirit (or Holy Ghost - the two terms mean the same thing) is a huge subject. The Holy Spirit is God1.2 II. The Holy Spirit does everything. As Catholics, then, we must be able to respond to these two key misunderstandings concerning the Holy Spirit. As outlined earlier in this Chapter, the Holy Spirit is the one teaching through the bishops, sanctifying us through prayer and the sacraments, and spreading the Good News through the apostolic works of the Church. : The symbol of anointing with oil also signifies an outpouring of the Holy Spirit. The Great I AM. When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth; for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come. The Holy Spirit is also very much alive in the activity of the Church. Each one of these images reveals a unique characteristic of the Holy Spirit. It’s easy to think of the Holy Spirit as a powerful force from God. The Holy Spirit has an intellect and will and with those characteristics freely knows and loves as God. What actually gives life? Because true prayer is something that must be a response to God. In John 4:24, Jesus says “God is spirit (Greek pneuma) and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.” And in Hebrews 1:14, angels are referred to as “ministering spirits (Greek pneumata) sent forth to serve, for the sake of those who are to obtain salvation.” The key here is to examine the context and usage of a word in Scripture, rather than just its “gender,” in order to determine whether we are dealing with a person, a force, or perhaps just an arrow. The Sacramental Liturgy is the most powerful way that God is present to us right here, right now. kingdoms would fall as people failed to live by the law which was revealed by the Spirit. And the answer is the Holy Spirit who animates and sustains all life. True prayer is thus the fruit of the Spirit's presence within us. The cloud is a masking and veiling of the presence of the Spirit, and the light is but a small portion of the radiance of the Holy Spirit shining forth. They are perfection! And the answer is the Holy Spirit who animates and sustains all life. . But it’s also important to point out that the age we are in now, the age after the life, death, resurrection and ascension of the Son, is especially the age of the Holy Spirit! The question is often asked, “How can you pour out a person? Of course not! ‘For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor?’”. Charisms could be as amazing as being prophetic or healing the sick, or they could be as ordinary (but necessary) as being able to organize activities within the Church in an exemplary way. By “joint action” I mean that the Church, in the person of the priest, speaks and acts using the assigned words, matter and actions (i.e., extending hands over bread and wine while speaking the words of consecration). The law, given through Moses, was also a manifestation of God’s order and direction. 20:10 - Does the Holy Spirit proceed from the Father and the Son? “Spirit” being neuter, on the other hand, supposedly indicates we are dealing with an impersonal force rather than a person. When Jesus was nearing His trial and crucifixion, He promised his apostles that He would ask God to send them His Holy Spirit. Not that the Holy Spirit wasn’t already with Him fully. Most students of our Catholic theology of the Trinity agree: Pneumatology, or the study of the Holy Spirit, is probably the least developed, after the study of the Son and the Father. He wants to inspire each and every one of us for a powerful work He has given only to us. It’s a sort of spiritual quality or ability to offer some service to the Church. And what are these divine qualities that they each share in? Cloud and light: We see these images in the Old and New Testament. The Holy S pirit is the 3rd person of the Blessed Trinity, and the one most active in the world today. Let the Spirit … We respond to God calling and speaking, and this begins a process of prayer. Personhood means there is potential for love and union. All of these point to the promise of God’s future gift of salvation. Charisms are especially necessary for the apostolic and missionary activity of the Church. : The Spirit breathed on the waters at the beginning of Creation and is responsible for the principle of life. The Holy Spirit is love, to put things very simply. He is there in His fullness, veiled by the liturgical action itself. One of the first reasons given for denying the divine nature of the Holy Spirit is often to point out that the Greek word for “spirit” (pneuma) is neuter. Jesus promised His Advocate, the Holy Spirit, to His disciples. From their childhood, Catholics learn to pray the sign of the cross: “In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.”. We need special charism (gifts) to accomplish this responsibility. Six are listed in the “Immanuel Prophecy,” which describes an expected future ideal Davidic king: wisdom and understanding, counsel and strength … But notice how it describes our Lord in verse 14: “I am poured out like water . The human author’s unique personality and experiences shine through. This is what the Nicene Creed (the one we say at Mass every Sunday) means when it sa… The Catechism #688, spells those ways out like this. At the beginning of time, we were slowly made aware of the reality of God the Father. The same can be said for Greek words such as kardia, heart. “And do not grieve the Holy Spirit …” Ephesians 4:30. Words are simply assigned gender in these languages. Gifts of the Holy Ghost. : God spoke to Moses, Joshua and the great prophets in various ways. But when we speak of “Tradition” with a capital “T,” we speak of the work of the Holy Spirit to continue teaching and guiding us through the successors of the Apostles in every day and age. Be it plants, animals or humans, no scientific discovery can unmask the actual principle of life itself. Among the many texts revealing the Holy Spirit’s divinity, perhaps the most plain and unmistakable are found in Hebrews. For example, John 20:22 says that Jesus “breathed on them and said to them, ‘receive the Holy Spirit.’”  The breath of God or wind of God is seen many places in the Scriptures, as we will see in our next section. The role of the Holy Spirit: to give us strength and help in our fight against sin. We also recall that Jesus laid hands on the sick to cure them. The Liturgy is a work of the Holy Spirit where the entire Trinity is made present. It is this action that also guarantees the working of the Holy Spirit to make present the Savior of the world in a real and sacramental way. Further, if being referred to as “spirit” indicates the third person of the Blessed Trinity is impersonal, then both angels and God the Father would have to be “forces” rather than persons as well. They share the same will and act in unison in fulfilling this will. From the teachings of Christ throughout the history of the Church, Christians believed and still believe that the Holy Spirit is an all-powerful Person. The Holy Spirit is a distinct person of the Holy Trinity, who exists as the communication and personification of the mutual, flowing, and never-ending relationship of love and unity between God the Father and God the Son. In Latin and the modern romance languages, this is the case as well. The Holy Spirit is clearly a person. We also recall that Jesus laid hands on the sick to cure them. Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius of Loyola, National Liturgical Calendars of the World. The person who receives this sacrament has already received the Holy Spirit in the sacrament of baptism, and the Holy Spirit abides with a person always. This does not mean that lances or daggers are actually female and personal! If we only consider John chapters 14, 15, and 16, the evidence is overwhelming. This shows the power of the Holy Spirit to act in us and to use us as instruments. —in the signs of apostolic and missionary life; Let’s take John 14:16-17 to start. It was the Spirit who guided each word revealing what He wanted written. St. Augustine taught us, "what the soul is to man's body, the Holy Spirit is to the Body of Christ, which is the Church. And we came to realize that this Holy Spirit is also God, also I AM. Here are some of those images: Breath: The best translation for the term “Spirit” is “Ruah” or breath, air or wind. Fire: Fire transforms that which it touches. on Amazon. The Holy Spirit has been around from before the beginning of time and has been made manifest throughout the history of our Universe. “Con” means “with,” and “substantial” means “substance.”  Again, this is philosophical terminology that our Church has used to try to vaguely put into language the relationships between these three divine Persons. We also learn that the Holy Spirit has spoken to us already through the prophets. All that the Father has is mine; therefore I said that he will take what is mine and declare it to you. We know the Holy Spirit…. : Pentecost is the clearest manifestation of the Holy Spirit. At His baptism, the Spirit descends in fullness upon Him. They receive various charisms and are given a new strength and boldness to proclaim the Gospel. This pointed over and over again to the need for a Messiah. The Holy Spirit is God2.2 II. : Water signifies the Holy Spirit in that it is poured and cleanses. A charism is a spiritual gift given to someone for the good of the Church. 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